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Demonstrators occupy French Guiana space station

Demonstrators protest at Kourou space center on 4 April, 2017.
Demonstrators protest at Kourou space center on 4 April, 2017. Jody Amiet/AFP

Around 30 protest leaders in French Guiana attempted to occupy a rocket-launching space centre on Tuesday, escalating demonstrations that have crippled the French South American territory for 10 days.


Workers have launched protests and strikes demanding pay rises and improved public safety, creating a fresh crisis in the last few weeks of outgoing President François Hollande's term in office.

Protest leaders rejected a government offer of a billion-euro aid package on Monday and are demanding 2.5 billion euros instead for a "Marshall Plan" to develop the often-overlooked overseas territory.

After visiting the world-renowned French space centre in Kourou on Tuesday to meet its director, about 30 activists said they would not leave until the government met their demands.

"We won't move. The situation is stuck and Guiana is blocked. You are blocked. We want the billions we have asked for," protest leader Manuel Jean-Baptiste told the director of the space centre.

The Kourou centre has become a symbol of economic disparity in Guiana, a heavily forested landmass wedged between Suriname and Brazil on the north-eastern shoulder of Latin America.

On 20 March angry residents blocked the planned launch of a rocket that was to place into orbit satellites for Brazilian and South Korean operators, in one of the first signs of public anger there.

Rundown homes and potholed streets ring the Kourou centre and these are for the relatively lucky few in a territory where many of the 250,000-strong population live without electricity or running water.

Rockets but no lights

"The rockets go up but we don't have any lights," Martin Marsi, a 25-year-old who lives near Kourou, told the AFP news agency.

Marsi lives in Saramaca, a few kilometres from the space centre, where residents rent houses with an option to buy over the longer term.

"Kourou is a political, technological and financial success. It is the flagship of European technology," Youri Antoinette, an engineer at the space centre and spokesman for the residents of Kourou, told AFP.

"But once you leave the space centre, you're in an underdeveloped country."

The unemployment rate in Guiana is 23 percent, and nearly twice this for 18-25-year-olds, while per capita income is about half of the rate in mainland France.

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