Cop21 and Tamil Nadu 'right conduct' celebrations
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This week on The Sound Kitchen, you’ll hear the answer to the question about the Cop21 conference in Paris. There’s “On This Day”, plenty of great music, and of course, the new quiz question. So click on that little “Listen” arrow above, and join in!
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This week’s quiz: On 5 December, I asked you a question about Cop21, the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework on Climate Change. The number “21” refers to the fact that it was the 21st Conference.
On 5 December that huge 21st conference was going on here in Paris, attended by 195 nations (and excellently reported on by RFI English’s Laura Angela Bagnetto and Rosslyn Hyams). You were to write in and tell me what the centigrade limit all 195 nations were to agree upon, in order to cut global warming.
The answer is: Quite simply, two degrees centigrade.
The negotiators succeeded! An agreement was made by all 195 countries to reduce global carbon emissions and to keep global temperatures from going up over two degrees from the global temperature before the Industrial Revolution, which began in 1861. When the Industrial Revolution began, global warming began, due to the use of fossil fuels (mainly, coal and gas) used by factories. Soon thereafter, private homes began to have electricity, and most of electricity comes from burning fossil fuels, too. And then, there’s our cars … fossil fuels emit what is called “greenhouse gases”: greenhouse gas emissions trap heat (just like a greenhouse for plants) and make the planet warmer.
What happens when the planet becomes warmer? Drought – as in Ethiopia, for example. Desertification. More heavy rains. More forest fires. And a rise in sea levels. All this is due to our current level of global temperature rise, which is close to one degree from pre-Industrial Revolution levels. So you see, we are almost halfway there already!
The 195 countries which signed the Cop21 agreed to keep global temperatures "well below" two degrees from pre-industrial times, and "endeavour to limit" them even more, to 1.5 degrees.
There were also financial agreements (which has always been one of the hardest and “what is fair?” issues): rich countries are to help poorer nations by providing "climate finance" so that they can adapt to climate change and switch to renewable energy.
It’s a pretty complicated issue … I hope I have explained it (fairly!) well. Many thanks to my friend and colleague Laura Angela Bagnetto for helping.
The winners this week are: RFI listeners Club member Dr DW Nabi from Middlesex, UK; Rabeya Begam, a member of the Nilshagor RFI Fan Club in Nilphamari, Bangladesh; Azam Ali Soomro from Sindh, Pakistan; Fansu Bolong Janneh from Banjul,The Gambia, and Royse Cramton from Oak Park, Illinois, in the US. .
This week’s question ... you'll have to listen to the show to participate. You have until 15 February to enter this week's quiz. The winners will be announced on the 20 February program. When you enter, be sure you send your postal address in with your answer, and if you have one, your RFI Listeners Club membership number.
Send your answers to:
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