France extends and toughens Covid-19 lockdown measures as death toll rises
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The French Prime minister has announced tougher lockdown measures to be enforced today and for several more weeks in order to contain the rapid spread of COVID-19.
As France enters its second week of lockdown, the number of deaths has increased to 860 with 19,856 confirmed cases of COVID-19 infection.
On Monday evening, Prime minister Edouard Philippe announced tougher lockdown restrictions, following the advice of the Conseil d’Etat, France highest administrative court.
He said people will only be able to exercise alone or with their children once a day and for no more than an hour, staying within one kilometre of their home.
He added that travel documents required when outdoors should now also indicate the time of each trips.
#COVID19 Énormément de nos concitoyens respectent le confinement, et je mesure ce que cela veut dire de contraintes. Mais nous savons que dans certains endroits, un certain nombre de gens ne respectent pas les règles. Nous avons donc pris plusieurs décisions : pic.twitter.com/8AxBfZUEgS— Edouard Philippe (@EPhilippePM) March 23, 2020
"Many French people would like things to be like they were before, in normal times. But it is not going to happen tomorrow,” Philippe said on TF1 TV channel, adding the lockdown could last “several more weeks.”
The French long-distance runner, François Barrer, said he couldn’t understand how there were more people jogging during the lockdown.
“I am getting ready for the Olympics, yet I am not outside running,” he tweeted last week.
People in France do not seem to understand “how serious this pandemic is”, he lamented.
Court asked for tougher restrictions
In an extraordinary session held on Sunday 22 March, the court known as the Conseil d’Etat called upon the French government to review some of the public movement restrictions enforced last week.
The court was petitioned by doctors’ unions and the French medical council for a total lockdown restricting all public movements. The judges ruled against, arguing it may have serious repercussions on the health of the population and would also prove unsustainable.
No more open-air markets
Open-air markets are now banned, except in places where the market is the main source of food.
Government officials were alarmed by images of shoppers crowding open-air markets in Paris and elsewhere. The Conseil d’Etat advised the government to assess the risks open-air markets pose to public health, given their size and the number of people visiting them.
Philippe said there will be no enforced nationwide curfew but the measure would be applied when deemed important. The decision for localised curfews lay with local authorities, he said. Nice and a number of other cities have already imposed curfews.
Philippe excluded the use of chloroquine as a treatment against Covid-19 until clinical trial results are deemed satisfactory. The anti-malaria drug, he said, may be used in severe cases of Covid-19, under strict medical surveillance and on the advice of a group of doctors.
French hospitals are testing the anti-malarial and three other drugs, as part of a European programme involving 3,200 Covid-19 patients from at least seven coutries, including 800 from France.
France will maintain unemployment benefits for those reaching the end of their eligibility status. Philippe said the extension would also apply to artists and entertainers as they are not allowed to perform during the lockdown.
Under the reviewed lockdown restrictions, funerals may be attended by 20 people only.
Philippe also declared that outdoor trips for medical reasons are only permitted in case of an emergency.
On Sunday, the Consel d’Etat judges said that the exemption the government had allowed for health-related matters was too far reaching. They recommended insisting on valid reasons describing the degree of importance of the medical visits.
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