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AUSTRALIA

State of emergency in Australia as record heatwave fuels bushfires

High winds and record temperatures have created a crisis situation in Australia.
High winds and record temperatures have created a crisis situation in Australia. AAP Image/Shane Chalker/via REUTERS

A state of emergency has been declared in Australia's most populated region as record temperatures fanned out-of-control bushfires, destroying homes and smothering huge areas with toxic smoke.

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As thousands of firefighters battled blazes, temperatures neared 50 degrees Celsius in some places and authorities warned the unprecedented heatwave could deteriorate even further.

In New South Wales, Australia's most populated state with Sydney as its capital, more than 100 bushfires were burning on Thursday, many of them out of control.

New South Wales premier Gladys Berejiklian declared a seven-day state of emergency, the second since the bushfire season began early in September, due to "catastrophic weather conditions".

Temperature record survives less than 24 hours

The nation endured its hottest-ever day on Tuesday, but that record was smashed again on Wednesday - which saw an average maximum of 41.9°C.

Tuesday's 40.9°C had eclipsed the previous record of 40.3°C, set in 2013.

At least 20 houses were destroyed in New South Wales on Thursday, according to national broadcaster ABC.

Meanwhile, the five million people who live in Sydney continued to choke on smoke from a "mega-blaze" ringing the city.

Doctors have warned the smoke, which has shrouded the state capital for weeks, has created a "public health emergency".

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