Kenya constitution celebrations marred by Beshir visit row


Kenya adopted a new constitution Friday but the landmark was overshadowed by an international furore at the presence of Sudan President Omar al-Beshir, whom an international court has indicted for genocide and war crimes.


Watched by tens of thousands of his countrymen, Kenya's President Mwai Kibaki signed the constitution into law at a colourful ceremony in Nairobi's main park, just over three weeks since it was overwhelmingly endorsed in a national referendum.

"Today is a great day for Kenya," said Kibaki, who took a new oath of office after signing the new charter into law. "This is the most important day in the history of our nation since independence.

The president sparked wild applause as he reverently held aloft a bound copy of the new constitution and executed a slow pirouette to show it off to the crowd and assembled African dignatories.

The document, overwhelmingly approved in a national referendum earlier this month, is a pillar of reforms aimed at averting a repeat of the violence that killed more than 1,000 people following the disputed 2007 election.

But reaction abroad was one of consternation over the attendance of Beshir, one of a handful of heads of state to attend, including Rwanda's Paul Kagame and Uganda's Yoweri Museveni.

The European Union and the International Criminal Court said Kenya had a "clear obligation" to arrest Beshir as a signatory to the court's founding treaty, and the ICC said it was reporting the breach to the UN Security Council.

Kenya's Foreign Minister Moses Wetangula brushed aside the criticism. "He was here today because we invited all neighbours and he is a neighbour."          

"There are no apologies to make about anybody we invited to this function because I am sure we are enhancing peace and security and stability of this region more than anything else," he added.

However, Deputy Defence Minister David Musila said Kenya had "brought shame to itself" adding that Beshir should be "arrested immediately and handed to the ICC."

Beshir, however, was back home in Khartoum within hours.

Bashir was indicted in March 2009 for alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity, and in July 2010 on charges of genocide, relating to atrocities committed by Khartoum's forces in Sudan's western province of Darfur.

The new law, passed in a referendum earlier this month, replaces Kenya's 1963 independence constitution. 

The new consitution maintains a presidential system, but with substantial checks. It introduces a devolved system of government and consolidates democracy and basic rights.

The ICC's first-ever warrant against a sitting head of state was issued for Bashir in March 2009 on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity. The second was issued in July 2010 on charges of genocide.

New York-based Human Rights Watch called earlier on the Kenyan authorities to either "arrest him or bar him entry" if he were to attend.

"Kenya will forever tarnish the celebration of its long-awaited constitution if it welcomes an international fugitive to the festivities," it said. 

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