Egypt's anger - day by day

Reuters/Goran Tomasevic

Protesters called 25 January a "day of rage" - but the anger extended much further than 24 hours. Follow the dramatic development of Egypt's protests in this timeline.



  • 17 January: an Egyptian man sets himself alight outside the parliament in Cairo, apparently inspired by protesters in Tunisia.
  • 19 January: Arab League leaders meet in Egypt. Government officials deny any parallels between Egypt and Tunisia.
  • 25 January: pro-democracy campaigners call thousands of protesters onto the streets of Cairo, for what they call "a day of rage". Protests are also reported in other cities, including Alexandria, Suez and Giza. Police in Cairo use tear gas, water cannon and rubber bullets to disperse protesters; witnesses report live ammunition is fired into the air.
  • 26 January: Interior Ministry bans further protests. Demonstrations continue regardless, with more reports of police brutality.
  • 27 January: opposition figure Mohamed ElBaradei returns to Egypt, saying he is "ready to lead the transition" if asked. Around 1,000 people have now been detained since protests began.
  • 28 January: Interior Ministry warns of "decisive measures" as protesters continue to defy government ban. Internet and mobile phone services blocked. Protesters set fire to ruling NDP party headquarters. Army deployed to secure streets. Hosni Mubarak dismisses his cabinet, but refuses to step down.
  • 29 January: Mubarak appoints former head of military intelligence, Omar Suleiman, as vice-president - the first such appointment in all of Mubarak's time in office. Former aviation minister Ahmed Shafiq becomes new prime minister, and is told to push through democratic reforms. Protests continue through the night.
  • 30 January: at least 125 people are known to have died since demonstrations began. Police are absent from the streets, leaving soldiers and concernced citizens to defend homes and public buildings from looters.
  • 31 January: Mubarak unveils a new cabinet, made up of many of the same faces but minus the former interior, finance and culture ministers. Protesters insist they won't be satisfied until Mubarak quits. Egyptian army pledges not to use force against protesters. Other countries begin evacuating their citizens from Egypt.
  • 1 February: protesters call for "million-strong" marches in Cairo and Alexandria. Thousands gather in Cairo's Tehrir Square.

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