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France opens Rwanda genocide archives

French soldiers from Operation Turquoise arriving at a village near Butare, 3 July 1994
French soldiers from Operation Turquoise arriving at a village near Butare, 3 July 1994 AFP/Hocine Zaourar

The French government has decided to declassify archive documents relating to the 1994 Rwandan genocide. The papers, essentially official documents from the president’s office, span 1990 to 1995, a period during which France's role has attracted controversy.


The decision comes on the 21st anniversary of the start of the Rwandan genocide in which 800,000 people were killed.

Jean-Pierre Joyet, of the president's office, signed the release of the documents alongside former president François Mitterrand's archivist, Dominique Bertinotti.

Dossier: Rwanda remembers genocide 20 years later

A source close to President François Hollande said France must be transparent and help Rwanda in its process of reconciliation.

Ties between France and Rwanda have been strained since Rwandan President Paul Kagame accused Paris of complicity in the genocide because of its support of the Hutu nationalist government that carried out the mass killings, mainly of ethnic Tutsis.

France's Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve was one the two rapporteurs in a French parliamentary enquiry into France's role in Rwanda.

He has admitted the French authorities made "serious errors of judgement".

The declassified papers, which include documents from diplomatic and military advisers, will be available to both researchers and victims' groups.

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