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Benin-France relations

Benin scores 'big victory' as it awaits return of looted treasures from France

Le roi Behanzin du Bénin pose près d'une statue représentant son ancêtre du début du XIXe siècle, au musée des arts primitifs du quai Branly à Paris le 07 avril 2010.
Le roi Behanzin du Bénin pose près d'une statue représentant son ancêtre du début du XIXe siècle, au musée des arts primitifs du quai Branly à Paris le 07 avril 2010. BORIS HORVAT / AFP
3 min

Benin’s national museum director called Tuesday’s unanimous vote by French lawmakers on Tuesday to return 26 looted valuables a “big victory.”

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"This vote represents a big victory for international cooperation. We have been heard and understood," Alain Godonou, Benin’s national museum director, told Agence France Presse newswire.

The whole process will take some time, but Godonou says that they will prepare to receive the priceless objects within a year.

"To start with, the objects will be heading to the museum near the French fort in Ouidah,” Says Godonou. “Eventually, they will be displayed at a new museum in Abomey, once capital of the Kingdom of Dahomey,” he adds, referring to the former name of Benin.

 The 26 pieces, named the Treasure of Behanzin, were looted in 1892 when the Palace of Abomey was looted. They are currently located at the Quai Branly museum, Paris.

Quai Branly has been the site of a number of protests by people looking to repatriate art. In June, 'send it back' activists tried to remove a number of statues of African heritage.

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Benin’s request is not an unusual one. A number of African countries have called for their valuable artwork and priceless artefacts to be returned. In 1973, President Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire (now called Democratic Republic of Congo) spoke at the UN General Assembly, calling for the country’s cultural heritage to be returned.

Belgium gave back a number of pieces, which were then sold on the black market, according to Godonou.

"They didn't have the infrastructure or the framework in place,” he says, speaking of the Congolese artefacts.

"We don't want that for Benin -- we don't want objects to be returned to a location that isn't secured, that isn't properly guarded, where they could be stolen by criminals who would disappear with them into thin air,” he adds.

Benin is currently investing in revamping the museums in Benin in order to prepare for the arrival of the looted objects.

"After these artefacts are returned, we will be able to host all sorts of collections and exhibitions, including international ones," says Godonou.

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