A history of the Jungle in Calais 1999 - 2016 [In pictures]
In 1999, the Red Cross opened the first migrants camp in Sangatte, close to the northern city of Calais. In 2002, this camp was closed and a new one called 'the Jungle' was opened in Calais. After months of debate and controversy, the camp was finally demolished and its inhabitants relocated in October 2016.
Sangatte camp (1999 - 2002)
In 1999, the Red Cross opened the Sangatte camp near Calais, for migrants sleeping rough in and around the northern French city. The camp was closed in 2002 by French Interior minister Nicolas Sarkozy.
Sangatte closes, Jungle emerges (2002 - 2009)
Hundreds of mainly Afghan migrants then set up a camp east of Calais, next to a road travelled by lorries heading to the port of Calais. The migrants called it 'the Jungle'.
In September 2009, the Jungle was demolished for the first time on the orders of then president, Nicolas Sarkozy.
Jungle rebuilt (2015)
Between 2009 and 2015, migrants from Albania, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Eritrea, Egypt, Somalia, Ethiopia and Syria arrived in Calais. In early 2015, a settlement named 'the New Jungle' sprouted up near a state-run day centre for migrants established at the site.
Partial demolition, wall starts (2016)
The southern half of the Jungle camp was demolished in late February and early March 2016, sparking protests with Iranian men sewing their mouths shut. The evicted people moved to the northern part of the camp.
Six months later, under pressure at home and from Britain, the French government announced that it would rase the camp and relocate the residents. Meanwhile, lorry drivers and farmers protesting about the ongoing problems created by the camp blocked roads around Calais with their vehicles.
In September 2016, in an attempt to prevent migrants climbing onto trucks that were heading for the UK, the construction of a four-metre (13-foot) high wall - financed by Britain - started along part of the main road leading to the port.
Camp closure (2016)
On September 26, President François Hollande announced that the Jungle would be demolished by the end of the year. And the migrants -- as many as 10,000 according to local associations -- would be moved to shelters called 'Reception and orientation centres' (CAO) around France.
On October 24, residents began evacuating the Jungle, with the first bus carrying about 50 Sudanese nationals.
1,290 isolated foreign minors still live in Calais according to French association France Terre d’Asile (France Land of Asylum).
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