German 'refugee' soldier in dock over far-right attack plot

Franco Albrecht, 32, stands accused of plotting "a serious act of violence that endangers the state". He is also charged with fraud and illegally possessing weapons and explosives
Franco Albrecht, 32, stands accused of plotting "a serious act of violence that endangers the state". He is also charged with fraud and illegally possessing weapons and explosives Boris Roessler POOL/AFP/File
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Frankfurt (AFP)

The trial of a German soldier who allegedly plotted to attack prominent politicians while posing as a Syrian refugee began on Thursday in a bizarre case fuelling concerns over right-wing extremism.

Franco Albrecht, 32, stands accused of plotting "a serious act of violence that endangers the state". He is also charged with fraud and illegally possessing weapons and explosives.

Ahead of his trial, he told journalists that he denied the charges and claimed he was not a right-wing extremist.

Yet prosecutors say the Bundeswehr lieutenant had taken weapons and explosives from the German army in order to carry out an attack on targets including high-ranking politicians such as then justice minister Heiko Maas.

Despite speaking no Arabic, he had also successfully posed as a Syrian refugee in order to "redirect suspicion onto asylum seekers in Germany in the subsequent investigations" of the attack, they said.

Arrested in 2017 while trying to retrieve a Nazi-era pistol he had hidden in a toilet at Vienna's international airport, Albrecht denies he was plotting an attack.

If convicted, he could face up to 10 years in prison.

Set to last until August, the trial's opening has already been delayed several times by questions over which court was competent to hear the case.

- Double identity -

The son of a German mother and an estranged Italian immigrant father, the lieutenant made no secret of his anti-immigration views.

According to a court ruling from 2019, investigations showed he owned a copy of Adolf Hitler's book "Mein Kampf" and believed immigration to be a form of genocide.

In an attempt to expose a system he saw as compromising national security, he posed as a refugee to apply for asylum in his own country.

Using make-up to darken his face and pretending to be a Christian fruit seller from Damascus, he was registered by authorities under the name "David Benjamin", despite speaking no Arabic.

He obtained a space in a shelter and monthly benefits of 409 euros ($485), before later returning to his barracks in Illkirch on the French border.

His double identity was only uncovered upon his arrest in 2017, when police found his fingerprints produced two separate matches.

The fraud laid bare the struggles of Germany's immigration system to cope with the influx of more than one million asylum seekers -- many of them Syrian -- during the refugee crisis of 2015 and 2016.

"I tried to be prepared the best I could," Albrecht said of his scheme in an interview with the New York Times published in December. "But in the end, it was not necessary at all."

In a recent interview with French newspaper Le Figaro, he said that he knew what he was doing was against the law.

Yet he denied that he had been planning an attack, claiming that he had acted "to protect his family in case of an emergency".

Prosecutors, however, claim that he planned to use both the pistol and other weapons and explosives in order to carry out an attack under his false refugee identity.

They believe that the targets were Maas, the then justice minister, deputy speaker of parliament Claudia Roth or a human rights activist.

- 'Biggest threat' -

The revelations strained the relationship between the armed forces and then Defence Minister Ursula Von Der Leyen, who is now president of the European Commission.

It also raised questions about the army's seriousness about combating right-wing extremism within its ranks.

Von der Leyen's successor Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer ordered the partial dissolution of the KSK commando force last year after revelations that some of its members harboured neo-Nazi sympathies.

Following a string of far-right terrorist attacks over the last two years, Interior Minister Horst Seehofer has declared right-wing extremism the "biggest security threat facing Germany".

He has promised tougher security measures, including a crackdown on online hate speech.